100 Gardening Terms Every Hobbyist Should Know

100 Gardening Terms

Air layering: A method of propagating plants that enables plants to grow roots on the stem

Alkaline: Having a pH of more than 7

Alpine: Plant suitable to mountainous growing conditions

Annuals: Plants that complete their whole lifecycle in one year

Apex: The top of the plant

Areoles: The soft, cushioned base of the spines on a cactus

Axils: The joint of two plant parts, such as tubercles or stem and leaf

Bedding plant: A plant that is mass-planted to provide a temporary display

Biennial: Plants that complete their whole life cycle in two years

Bolt: When a plant produces flowers prematurely

Bonsai: A method of producing dwarf trees or shrubs by special techniques

Bract: Specialized leaves that are brightly colored, often mistaken for petals

Bud: A shoot containing embryonic leaves or flowers

Bulb: A storage organ usually underground

Bulbil: A small bulb-like organ, often produced between stem and leaf

Capillary matting: Absorbent matting used under pots to keep plants evenly moistened

Carnivorous: Plants that catch insects and small animals for nutrients

Caudex: A swollen, tuberous root system above ground level

Caudiciform: A plant that forms a caudex

Chlorophyll: The green pigment in plant leaves and stems that absorbs energy from sunlight

Climber: Plants that climb using other plants or objects as support

Clustering/Clumping: A group of stems that grow together or form one mass

Coir: Growing medium derived from coconut fiber

Columnar: An upright, cylindrically-shaped stem

Compost: Carefully blended growing medium for seeds and pot plants

Conifer: A cone bearing plant

Continental climate: Characterized by the hot summers, cold winters and low rainfall typical of conditions in the interior of a continent away from the sea

Cordon: A trained plant usually with only one main stem

Creeper: A plant that grows close to the ground usually rooting as it goes

Crown: The upper part of the plant, usually above the main stem

Cultivar: An artificially produced plant, either bred or selected, which can be propagated while retaining its characteristics

Deciduous: A plant that produces fresh leaves annually (and sheds old leaves)

Dormancy: A period of low or absent plant growth

Espalier: Art of pruning and training trees or shrubs usually against a wall or trellis to form symmetrical and flat geometric shapes. Also see 10 amazing example of Espalier art

Epiphyte: A plant that has aerial roots, used to grip trees

Evergreen: Plants that retain their leaves at the end of the growing season

Exotic: Tropical or sub-tropical plant

F1 Hybrid: The first filial germination plants form a cross between two distinct plants

Fallow: Uncultivated land

Family: Grouping of different genera

Fertilizer: natural or artificial substance used to provide extra nutrients to plants

Filler: Material added to fertilizer to make it easier to spread

Frost Line: The lowest level of frost into the soil

Fungicide: Anti fungus chemical

Genus: Category of all living species with common features

Glaucous: A special powdery or waxy coating on the stems and foliage

Globular: Globe-like, spherical

Grafting: A method of propagation by which a rate, slow-growing or difficult to cultivate plant in removed from its roots and artificially attached to a more vigorous, rooted plant

Ground cover: Carpeting species that rapidly cover bare ground

Hedge: Plants growing in a continuous line to create a mass of foliage usually used as divider or as border line

Herbaceous: Plants that die at the end of growing season

Honeydew: Excrete of aphid, scale and other sucking pests

Hormone rooting powder: Powder containing fungicide and hormone to aid rooting

Humidity: The amount of moisture held in the air

Humus: Well-made garden compost or well-prepared farmyard manure

Hybrid: Offspring of at least two different species of varieties of plants

Hydroponics: Method of growing plants in a liquid culture

Inflorescence: A flowering shoot that carries more than one flower

Insecticide: An insect-killing chemical

Invasive: Plants that can quickly outgrow their space and overwhelm their neighbors

Latex: Milky sap exuded by some plants

Layering: Method of propagation during which roots form when a stem is pegged into compost while still attached to the parent plant

Loam: Fertile soil that retains moisture while remaining well-drained

Marginal plant: Plants that grow in shallow water or in permanently moist soul at a pond’s edge

Maritime climate: A climate affected by proximity of the sea which results in relatively small temperature difference between summer and winter and fairly high rainfall

Microclimate: A climate that is particular to a very small area and affected by local factors

Mid-stripe: A central band of contrasting color in a leaf or flower petal

Monotypic: A genus with only one species

Mulch: Organic matter placed over the soul to conserve moisture and keep frost from the roots and weed growth

Mutation: Abrupt change in plant’s habit

Neutral: Having a pH of 7

Offsetting: A plant that produces miniature replicas of itself, usually around its base

Organic: A substance produced by plants or animals via natural means

Panicle: A branched flower cluster

Peat: Sphagnum moss peat

Perennial: Plant that lives for at least three seasons

Perlite: Sterile granular form of aluminum silicate used in composts

pH: Scale by which acidity or alkalinity of soil is measured

Photosynthesis: Synthesis of organic compounds using light energy absorbed by chlorophyll

Pollination: The transfer f pollen to the female parts of the flower that results in the fertilization of the seeds

Predator: Creature used to control a pest

Pruning: Removal of unwanted parts of a plant

Rosette: Symmetrically arranged leaves

Rust: Reddish brown discoloration on plants

Seedling: Young plants (in early stage) grown from seeds

Shrub: Plant with woody stem, usually branched from or near the base

Sour soil: Soil that has become starved of nutrients

Species: A group of individual plants which breed together and have the same constant distinctive features

Subspecies: Members of a species which share common features

Succulent: Plant with thick fleshy leaves or stems that store water and nutrients

Sucker: Shoot that arises from the rootstock

Topiary : Trees or bushes that have been trained or clipped into artificial shapes. Also see 25 examples of amazing topiary art

Trailing: A plant with long stems that hand down

Tropical: Climatic zone of extreme heat

Tuber: A swollen root system

Variegation: Abnormal variation of colors in a plant

X: Denotes a hybrid plant derived from the crossing of two or more botanically distinct plants

Xerophytes: Plant adapted to living in an arid climate

Zone: Designated areas across North America with the same growing conditions

Zone of hardiness: The zone where a plant is most likely to grow successfully

About Wikilawn

Wikilawn’s mission is to provide the best resources and information to help you enjoy your outdoor spaces the way you want. Whether you are a DIY, lawn-loving, gardening guru, or someone who wants help in picking a local lawn care professional, we can smooth your path to a beautiful backyard!

About Wikilawn

Wikilawn’s mission is to provide the best resources and information to help you enjoy your outdoor spaces the way you want. Whether you are a DIY, lawn-loving, gardening guru, or someone who wants help in picking a local lawn care professional, we can smooth your path to a beautiful backyard!